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Trontin et al. (2015) - Poster scientifique - Transgénèse du pin maritime

Towards functional genomics of transcription factor genes associated to growth and wood formation in maritime pine.

ProCoGen final open conference, Promoting Conifer Genomic Resources, 30th Nov – 2nd Dec 2015, Orléans, France, P-11.

Voir le site du projet ProCoGen.

En lien également avec XYLOCHEM.

Trontin J-F, Avila C, Debille S, De La Torre F, El-Azaz J, Pascual B, Canlet F, Teyssier C, Boizot N, Le Metté C, Lesage-Descauses M-C, Da Silva Perez D, Cañas R, Le Provost G, Plomion C, Harvengt L, Label P, Lelu-Walter M-A, Cánovas F.

Collaboration FCBA, Univ. Malaga (Espagne), INRA Orléans, Pierroton et Clermont-Ferrand

Résumé

Maritime pine is a major forest tree in southern Europe for sustainable delivery of bio-based products through advanced plantation forestry of improved varieties. Early selection is needed to reduce breeding cycle and accelerate variety deployment in the context of climate change. Both gene(s) and genome-wide information should provide opportunities for predictive, marker-assisted selection. Reverse genetics, defined as ectopic expression or silencing of candidate genes can be useful for functional dissection of traits of interest. Functional genomics of 9 transcription factor (TF) genes associated to growth and wood formation (MYB1,8,14,20,23, DOF5, MADBOX4, NACx, NACataf) was initiated in maritime pine through genetic transformation of embryogenic tissue. Twelve TF constructs designed for constitutive overexpression (OE) or silencing (RNAi) were studied: 6 constructs (batch 1) from previous projects (MYB1-RNAi, MYB8-OE/RNAi, MYB14-RNAi, DOF5-OE/RNAi) as well as 3 constructs for putative gene targets of MYB (CAD-RNAi) and DOF5 (GS1a-OE, GS2-OE); and 6 constructs (batch 2) obtained during ProCoGen (MYB23-OE, MYB20-OE, MADBOX4-OE, NACx-OE/RNAi, NACataf-OE).
Phosphinothricin-resistant lines could be cryopreserved for all but one (MYB20-OE) constructs. Transformation rate was estimated in the range 9.6-22.0 (OE) or 0.4-18.0 (RNAi) transgenic lines per gram embryogenic tissue (batch 1). Somatic embryos were obtained from 1-3 lines per construct (25 lines in total) and successfully converted to plants (batch 1). Acclimatization rates were similar to controls and transgenic plants were confirmed for most lines. Putative adverse effect of MYB14-RNAi, DOF5-RNAi, and MYB8-OE on transformation rate was observed. DOF5-RNAi apparently stimulated germination rate. Plant growth data and morphology are available for constructs from batch 1 after up to 12 (MYB1-RNAi, MYB8-OE/RNAi, DOF5-OE/RNAi, GS2-OE, GS1a-OE) or 42 months (MYB14-RNAi, CAD-RNAi) growth. Both transgene copy number and targeted gene expression data are available from transgenic plants obtained from MYB14-RNAi and CAD-RNAi lines. Transgenics and controls from batch 1 were sampled at age 16 (MYB1-RNAi, MYB8-OE/RNAi, DOF5-OE/RNAi) or 70 months (MYB14-RNAi, CAD-RNAi). Molecular characterization of MYB1,8,14 and DOF5 plant material has been performed by qPCR and transcriptomic analysis using microarray is underway. Wood analyses have been initiated for MYB14- and CAD-RNAi plants (in progress).



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